2015年环境影响评价师:事故应急_香港马会结果

2015年环境影响评价师:事故应急

2018-01-23 19:45 来源:香港马会结果

Anessayatthislevellargelyaccomplishesallofthefollowing:

#p#分页标题#e#●Althoughtheoverallresponseisdefinitelyorientedtothetask,itconveysonlyvague,global,unclear,orsomewhatimpreciseconnectionofthepointsmadeinthelecturetopointsmadeinthereading.

Aresponseatthislevelcontainssomerelevantinformationfromthelecture,butismarkedbysig-nificantlanguagedifficultiesorbysignificantomissionorinaccuracyofimportantideasfromthelectureorintheconnectionsbetweenthelectureandthereading;aresponseatthislevelismarkedbyoneormoreofthefollowing:

●Theresponseprovideslittleornomeaningfulorrelevantcoherentcontentfromthelecture.

Anessayatthislevelmerelycopieswordsfromthetopic,rejectsthetopic,orisotherwisenotcon-nectedtothetopic,iswritteninaforeignlanguage,consistsofkeystrokecharacters,orisblank.

Anessayatthislevelismarkedbyoneormoreofthefollowing:

托福综合写作的考察在于总结归纳和改写两个方面,总结归纳的能力是说考察方希望考生能够在规定的时间内掌握一定长度和一定难度的阅读和听力材料中所涉及到的重点信息和论证结构;改写能力则要求考生将两部分材料中的重点信息和论证方式用新的语言和结构系统的进行展示和归纳。

●Seriousdisorganizationorunderdevelopment

3.托福独立写作得3分情况

●Theresponsemayomitonemajorkeypointmadeinthelecture.

要点2:wellorganized&welldeveloped

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●Anoticeablyinappropriatechoiceofwordsorwordforms

●Displaysunity,progression,andcoherence

●Errorsofusageand/orgrammarmaybemorefrequentormayresultinnoticeablyvagueexpressionsorobscuredmeaningsinconveyingideasandconnections.

托福满分作文的行文组织要系统,有逻辑性。考生在提出论点之后,必须寻找相关的例证来支持和充实自己的论点。需要强调的是,在托福考试中考生虽然可以发散地进行说理和寻找例证,但若是将自己所举的例证进行一定加工,按照由主到次、让步转折等顺序进行排列,则能更好显示出各个例证之间的逻辑关系,让举例或是说理论证的过程更有层次性。这样的文章才称得上well-organizedandwell-developed.

要点1:addressesthetopic

6.托福独立写作得0分情况

Aresponseatthislevelsuccessfullyselectstheimportantinformationfromthelectureandcoherentlyandaccuratelypresentsthisinformationinrelationtotherelevantinformationpresentedinthereading.Theresponseiswellorganized,andoccasionallanguageerrorsthatarepresentdonotresultininaccurateorimprecisepresentationofcontentorconnections.

4.托福独立写作得2分情况

●Displaysunity,progression,andcoherence,thoughitmaycontainoccasionalredundancy,digression,orunclearconnections

●Littleornodetail,orirrelevantspecifics,orquestionableresponsivenesstothetask

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Anessayatthislevellargelyaccomplishesallofthefollowing:

1.托福综合写作得5分情况

●Addressesthetopicandtaskusingsomewhatdevelopedexplanations,exemplifications,and/ordetails

2.Iswellorganizedandwelldeveloped,usingclearlyappropriateexplanations,exemplifications,and/ordetails

Anessayatthislevelisseriouslyflawedbyoneormoreofthefollowingweaknesses:

在托福写作中,考生所表达的观点要和题目要求相关、一致。另外,考生所提供的例证也要切题,只有这样的例子才有说服力。

●Displaysconsistentfacilityintheuseoflanguage,demonstratingsyntacticvariety,appropriatewordchoice,andidiomaticity,thoughitmayhaveminorlexicalorgrammaticalerrors

托福独立写作评分标准(IndependentWringRubrics)

●Limiteddevelopmentinresponsetothetopicandtask

1.Effectivelyaddressesthetopicandtask

●Effectivelyaddressesthetopicandtask

Aresponseatthislevelisgenerallygoodinselectingtheimportantinformationfromthelectureandincoherentlyandaccuratelypresentingthisinformationinrelationtotherelevantinformationinthereading,butitmayhaveminoromission,inaccuracy,vagueness,orimprecisionofsomecontentfromthelectureorinconnectiontopointsmadeinthereading.Aresponseisalsoscoredatthislevelifithasmorefrequentornoticeableminorlanguageerrors,aslongassuchusageandgrammaticalstructuresdonotresultinanythingmorethananoccasionallapseofclarityorintheconnectionofideas.

●Maydemonstrateinconsistentfacilityinsentenceformationandwordchoicethatmayresultinlackofclarityandoccasionallyobscuremeaning

●Inappropriateorinsufficientexemplifications,explanations,ordetailstosupportorillustrategeneraliza-tionsinresponsetothetask

在托福写作中,考生提出观点之后必须要发散式地进行举例或是说理论证。具体包括解释原因,举例说明以及提供其它的细节信息。

托福独立写作旨在考察考生是否有效回应题目,阐明文章主题,文章逻辑是否条理清楚及能否充分展开论证;内容是否连贯一致以及考生遣词造句的能力。

1.托福独立写作得5分情况

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2.托福独立写作得4分情况

Aresponseatthislevelcontainssomeimportantinformationfromthelectureandconveyssomerelevantconnectiontothereading,butitismarkedbyoneormoreofthefollowing:

●Addressesthetopicandtaskwell,thoughsomepointsmaynotbefullyelaborated

●Displaysunity,progression,andcoherence,thoughconnectionofideasmaybeoccasionallyobscured

●Isgenerallywellorganizedandwelldeveloped,usingappropriateandsufficientexplanations,exemplifi-cations,and/ordetails

●Anaccumulationoferrorsinsentencestructureand/orusage

5.托福综合写作得1分情况

●Theresponsecontainslanguageerrorsorexpressionsthatlargelyobscureconnectionsormeaningatkeyjuncturesorthatwouldlikelyobscureunderstandingofkeyideasforareadernotalreadyfamiliarwiththereadingandthelecture.

●Displaysfacilityintheuseoflanguage,demonstratingsyntacticvarietyandrangeofvocabulary,thoughitwillprobablyhaveoccasionalnoticeableminorerrorsinstructure,wordform,oruseofidiom-aticlanguagethatdonotinterferewithmeaning

6.托福综合写作得0分情况

●Maydisplayaccurate,butlimitedrangeofsyntacticstructuresandvocabulary

●Seriousandfrequenterrorsinsentencestructureorusage

要点3:explanations,exemplificationsanddetails

Aresponseatthislevelismarkedbyoneormoreofthefollowing:

4.托福综合写作得2分情况

●Inadequateorganizationorconnectionofideas

Anessayatthislevellargelyaccomplishesallofthefollowing:

●Thelanguageleveloftheresponseissolowthatitisdifficulttoderivemeaning.

●Somekeypointsmadeinthelectureorthereading,orconnectionsbetweenthetwo,maybeincom-plete,inaccurate,orimprecise.

●Theresponsesignificantlyomitsorsignificantlymisrepresentsimportantpointsmadeinthelecture.

3.托福综合写作得3分情况

托福综合写作评分标准(IntegratedWringRubrics)

3.Displaysunity,progression,andcoherence

4.Displaysconsistentfacilityintheuseoflanguage,demonstratingsyntacticvariety,appropriatewordchoice,andidiomaticity,thoughitmayhaveminorlexicalorgrammaticalerrors.

2.托福综合写作得4分情况

Aresponseatthislevelmerelycopiessentencesfromthereading,rejectsthetopicorisotherwisenotconnectedtothetopic,iswritteninaforeignlanguage,consistsofkeystrokecharacters,orisblank.

●Iswellorganizedandwelldeveloped,usingclearlyappropriateexplanations,exemplifications,and/ordetails

5.托福独立写作得1分情况

●Theresponsesignificantlymisrepresentsorcompletelyomitstheoverallconnectionbetweenthelec-tureandthereading.

Anessayatthislevelmayrevealoneormoreofthefollowingweaknesses:

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